It is important to treat your pets to ensure the safety of your entire family
For some dogs and cats, flea bites are more than just an itching inconvenience. These bugs can induce flea allergy dermatitis, which is an allergic reaction to flea saliva proteins. Constant scratching by a pet might result in permanent hair loss or other skin issues. Fleas feeding on your pet’s blood can cause anaemia and, in rare circumstances, death in severe infestations.
Lyme disease, Ehrlichiosis, Anaplasmosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Babesiosis, and Bartonellosis are all tick-borne diseases that can affect your pet. Ticks can also be brought into the house by dogs, putting you and your family at risk of sickness from a tick bite.
To prevent your pet against flea and tick bites, there are hundreds of insecticides, repellents, and growth inhibitors available. Some of these items can only be obtained through a veterinarian, while others may be purchased over the counter.
Collars, sprays, dips, shampoos, powders, and “spot-ons,” liquid treatments pressed onto the dog’s or cat’s skin generally between the shoulder blades or down the back, are among the flea and tick products available. Flea management for ferrets and fly and tick control for horses are both available as spot-on solutions.
Although millions of dogs have been treated with flea and tick medicines, side effects or adverse occurrences can and do occur. When picking a flea and tick solution, it’s critical to consult with your veterinarian, especially if your pet has any health issues. To ensure that you’re using the product appropriately, read the label, packaging insert, and any related material carefully. You should also save the product’s package in case an issue arises and you need to report it.
Which Time of Year to Use Treatment
Your veterinarian can assist you in determining the optimal treatment time for your pet. In general, if you want to avoid a flea infestation, you should start treating your pet at the start of flea season. The length of the flea season, which is most active during the summer months, varies by location. It may only last four months or less if you reside in a colder area. Fleas may live all year in some areas, such as Florida. Fleas may survive all year in a warm environment, regardless of where you reside.
Ticks can be present all year in some areas. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the most frequent time to get bitten by a tick in most regions of the United States is in the spring and summer, with a second peak in the fall.
There are a variety of flea and tick treatments available for your pet, and various compounds act in different ways. As a result, it’s critical to always:
Choose the Right Product
Consult your veterinarian to choose the best product for your pet’s needs.
Check to see if the product is appropriate for your pet’s species, life stage, and weight class. If a product is intended for canines, it should not be used on cats. If you’re using the product on a puppy or kitten, be sure it’s labelled for that age group and that your pet weighs at least the recommended minimum weight.
Do not use a product on young animals unless it is specifically made for them. Flea combs and tick removers can be used to remove fleas and flea eggs from puppies and kittens who are too young to be treated with flea and tick treatments.
Even if your pet has been fine with prior usage of the product, consult your veterinarian before using it on weak, elderly, medicated, ill, pregnant, or nursing dogs. The same is true for pets that have previously exhibited symptoms of flea or tick sensitivity. Inform your veterinarian about any additional products you’re taking or feeding your pet, since this might affect their health.
Use the product properly
Before using, carefully read the label. Read the label even if you’ve used the product previously because the directions or cautions may have changed. If you have any questions, contact your veterinarian or the manufacturer.
Follow the guidelines to the letter. If the label advises to use it once a week, don’t use it every day. Do not apply the product directly on your pet if it is intended for use in the house or yard.
If you have many pets and are using a spray or “spot-on” treatment, treat one at a time and keep the affected animal away from the others until the product dries. This is done to keep one animal from grooming another and eating the medication or pesticide. This is especially essential if you have a cat in the house and the product is just for dogs.
After applying a product, wash your hands promptly with soap and water, use protective gloves.
Baby pacifiers, inhalers, cigarettes, food and other items that might come into touch with a person’s mouth should not be stored near the product. Children and pets should not have access to the product.
After using the product
After applying the product to your pet, keep an eye out for any side effects or unpleasant occurrences, especially if you’re using it for the first time. It’s possible that side effects will appear right away or at a later period.
If your pet has a negative response to a flea and tick collar, remove it right away.
Call your veterinarian straight away if your pet has a negative response to any flea or tick product (spot-on, shampoo, dip, or collar). Depending on the product, your veterinarian may advise you to bathe the pet right away if it’s safe to do so, using mild dish soap and rinsing with a lot of water.
If your pet develops indications of disease after taking a product, contact your veterinarian. Dizziness, wobbling, incoordination, low appetite, sadness, vomiting, diarrhoea, or excessive salivation are all symptoms to look for. Seizures and/or death have occurred in some animals.
If you have a product that has had any issues, be sure to report problems and help other pet owners stay safe as well